Not of works. On one side, we must look at God; and, on the other, at man. You can find the best commentary on Ephesians for … Remembering how the Epistles were written from dictation, we may be inclined to see in this passage among others, an insertion made by the Apostle, on a revision of that already written. The answer is, by faith; and hence he concludes that nothing connected with it is our own. Since all three come from God and not from man, the latter might seem the more likely. 3. Even the translators of the NASV understood the "gift" to be salvation. Baumgarten-Crusius argues that the allusion is to πίστις, because the word δῶρον proves that the reference must be to something internal-auf Innerliches. When the daily challenges of life confront us, our fleshy nature tends to move us to anger or depression in response to fear. ], "If we breathe, it is because life has been breathed into us; if we exercise the hearing of faith it is because our ears have been unstopped. I. ‘Ye are saved by faith, not by works, lest any man should boast.' These scriptures are for everyone, for people that have been Christians quite awhile, for brand new Christians, and for non-believers. God was under no obligation to save man, for His law might have taken its natural course, and the penalty menaced and deserved might have been fully inflicted. But is not salvation as internal as faith? In addition, it also includes a life of faithfulness following the initial conversion experience (2 Timothy 2:11-13). τῇ γὰρ χάριτί ἐστε σεσωσμένοι διὰ τῆς πίστεως—“For by grace ye have been saved, through your faith.” The particle γάρ explains why the apostle has said that the exceeding riches of God's grace are shown forth in man's salvation, and glances back to the interjectional clause at the end of Ephesians 2:5. And be it especially noted that in St. Paul’s view there is no contradiction between the gratuity of our salvation and its conditionality. They may relate to faith ( τὸ πιστεύειν) or to the salvation spoken of ( σεσωσμένους εἴναι). The basis of our salvation is God"s grace (unmerited favor and divine enablement; cf. Ephesians 2:8-9 KJV For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast. When (3) it is said, “Believe and thou shall be saved,” then faith is the, upon which we are justified, regenerated, and elected, to holiness here and heaven hereafter. Learn more Start my … of New Test. The analogy of Scripture is in favor of this view of the passage, in so far that elsewhere faith is represented as the gift of God. And so he adds, not of yourselves; that claiming nothing for themselves, they may acknowledge God alone as the author of their salvation. 'God justifies the believing man, not for the worthiness of his belief, but for the worthiness of Him in whom he believes' (Hooker). For by grace, etc. Greek. The plural is also similarly used. Scripture: Matthew 12:30, Ephesians 2:8-9, 1 Kings 18:21, Matthew 6:24. 2:16). The instrument or mean of salvation on the part of the person saved; Christ alone is the meritorious agent. True so far, but the insertion of the contrasted οὐκ ἐξ ὑμῶν suggested the repetition. The word “that,” therefore, does not refer particularly to faith, as being the gift of God, but to “the salvation by grace” of which he had been speaking. The conditions of the first economy had been violated, and the guilty transgressor had only to anticipate the infliction of the penalty which he had so wantonly incurred. It is at once the due act of a yielding rebel to a rightful sovereign, and of a returning prodigal to a rightful and ever gracious parent. (Genesis 2:17) In Genesis 3 the serpent of old, Satan, the liar and deceiver countered Eve's arguments… And the serpent said to the woman, "You surely shall not die! The only objection against the general view of the passage which we have taken is, that it is somewhat tautological. Winer, § 47, b. The word rendered "that" - τοῦτο touto - is in the neuter gender, and the word "faith" - πίστις pistis - is in the feminine. '', "Here you ask a wonderful theological/exegetical question to which I can only give an opinion, and not a definitive answer. I. and that—namely, the act of believing, or "faith." Surely the faith with which a beggar stretches forth his hand to receive the donation of thousands from a millionaire would not be a merit, a work, a compensation to the donor, neutralizing the graciousness of the gratuity. Ephesians 2:8-9 NIV For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith—and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God— not by works, so that no one can boast. As a matter of grammar this opinion is certainly doubtful, if not untenable; but as a matter of theology it is a question of very little importance. “It is not your own doing” (NEB). Ephesians 1:15-23. Hence to lay especial stress on salvation accords better with the whole idea of this Epistle—the continuous indwelling in Christ—than to bring out, as in the Epistle to the Romans, the one complete act of justification for His sake. Probably it refers to the whole preceding clause that describes salvation (cf. But some of the difficulties of the first method of interpretation attach to this. The καὶ τοῦτο refers to the idea contained in the verb, and presents that idea in an abstract form. This is the interpretation of the passage which is the most obvious, and which is now generally conceded to be the true one; see Bloomfield. through faith, and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; salvation is through faith, not as a cause or condition of salvation, or as what adds anything to the blessing itself; but it is the way, or means, or instrument, which God has appointed, for the receiving and enjoying it, that so it might appear to be all of grace; and this faith is not the produce of man's free will and power, but it is the free gift of God; and therefore salvation through it is consistent with salvation by grace; since that itself is of grace, lies entirely in receiving grace and gives all the glory to the grace of God: the sense of this last clause may be, that salvation is not of ourselves; it is not of our desiring nor of our deserving, nor of our performing, but is of the free grace of God: though faith is elsewhere represented as the gift of God, John 6:65 and it is called the special gift of faith, in the Apocrypha: "And blessed is the eunuch, which with his hands hath wrought no iniquity, nor imagined wicked things against God: for unto him shall be given the "special gift of faith", and an inheritance in the temple of the Lord more acceptable to his mind.'' He wrote it to people in the town called Ephesus. St. Paul now returns to it and works it out, before passing on, in Ephesians 2:11, to draw out by “wherefore” the conclusion from Ephesians 2:1-7. It may also be granted that a peculiarly suitable idea results—the opportune reminder that even their faith, in which at least they might think there was something of their own, has its origin in God’s grace, not in their own effort. Ephesians 1:15-23. The gift of God; all that is good in man, and all the good which he enjoys, are the gracious gift of God. It is not of merit; it is wholly by favor. Verse 8 (Ephesians 2:8.) Romans 13:11; 1 Corinthians 6:6; Philippians 1:28. What is the context of Ephesians 2:8-9? Grace is the moving cause of salvation: faith only the instrument by which it is laid hold of. Sight, as a power, is the gift of God; but sight, as an act, is our own exertion of power. Ephesians 1:11-23. Ephesians 2:8–9 is an extremely popular passage of Scripture. 2. [Note: See Roy L. Aldrich, "The Gift of God," Bibliotheca Sacra122:487 (July-September1965):248-53; and Gary L. Nebeker, "Is Faith a Gift of God? Hence faith has three aspects. Salvation is in no sense, and in no degree, of works; for to him that worketh the reward is a matter of debt. He emphatically recurs to the truth (Ephesians 2:5), 'By grace ye are in a saved state.'. According to this interpretation the antithesis between faith and works, so common in Paul's writings, is preserved. Ye are saved by grace; ye are saved by faith and not by works; and even faith is not of yourselves, it is the gift of God. For by grace are you saved. 2:8 For you were saved by grace [means] in the past through faith [agency] with the ... Hoehner, Harold W., Commentary on Ephesians, 1983, Chariot Victor Publishing. Some Calvinists appeal to Ephesians 2:8-9 as proof that faith is a gift from God. Commentary on Ephesians 2:1-10 (Read Ephesians 2:1-10) Sin is the death of the soul. That is the sovereignty of God. It is also to be noted that the use of the name “Saviour,” applied both to God and to Christ, belongs entirely to the later Epistles. Salvation by grace must have conditions, seeing that the grace of God has appeared to all men (Titus 2:11), and yet all men are not automatically and unconditionally saved (Matthew 7:13-14). This is an inference from the former statements. 8 For by grace you have been saved through faith. Ex. 2. Grace springs from His sovereign will, not from His essential nature. The two nouns “grace” and “faith” have each the article, as they express ideas which are at once familiar, distinctive, and monadic in their nature; the article before χάριτι, referring us at the same time to the anarthrous term at the close of the fifth verse, and that before πίστεως, giving it a subjective reference, is best rendered, as Alford says, by a possessive. God declares, that he owes us nothing; so that salvation is not a reward or recompense, but unmixed grace. ; it is the gift of God. Gracious, indeed! For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: not of yourselves: it is the gift of God. That the guilty should stand before God with self-complacency, and refer his salvation in any measure to his own merit, is so abhorrent to all right feeling that Paul assumes it (Romans 4:2) as an intuitive truth, that no man can boast before God. "That which I have said, 'through faith,' I do not wish to be understood so as if I excepted faith itself from grace" [Estius]. Salvation must display grace, for it is wholly of grace. We are by nature bond-slaves to sin and Satan. It is remarkable that the expression of the truth corresponds almost verbally with the words of St. Peter at the Council of Jerusalem (Acts 15:11), “We believe that through the grace of God we shall be (properly, we were) saved,” except that here the original shows that the salvation is looked upon as a completed act, like justification. The word "gift" in Ephesians 2:8 is in the nominative case which means the "offering" of grace. Ephesians 2:8-9 NIV For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith—and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God— not by works, so that no one can boast. 1. This declaration of the free, unmerited, conferred nature of the salvation is made the stronger not only by the contrast with the , but by the dropping of any connecting particle. Introduction Ephesians 2:8-13 are very important scriptures that need to be studied by Christians everywhere. Using the rule of Bible study makes clear what these two verses teach on 1 rating | 898.! 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