400ppm of CO2 absorb virtually all 15um radiation within one meter of travel in air (at STP). One of the most important chemical elements is carbon. Anybody, just anybody these days can look it up in an instant on a smartphone, on a computer. Carbon, an element of prehistoric discovery, is very widely distributed in nature. “Thus, Einstein assumed that there are three processes: an absorption proportional to the intensity of light, an emission proportional to the intensity of light, called induced emission or sometimes stimulated emission, and a spontaneous emission independent of light.” Hence, I understand that the straight line IR radiation that is absorbed (or scattered by ‘cloud’ droplets) is given a ‘new’ direction by a scattering phenomenon or by the induced emission which follows the absorption which is proportional to the intensity of this straight line being emitted from a small, hot, surface (of small volume of a very hot gas whose water vapor composition is far greater than that of the surrounding atmosphere). August 40/27 31/20 They even form a barrier called the Greenhouse Effect. Carbon is a really cool element. Carbon is the sixth element in the periodic table. Carbon in the form of coal is an important fuel Our Redshift Environment: Living On The Edge, Quantum Mechanics and Raman Spectroscopy Refute Greenhouse Theory, Messier 87 – Virgo A Supergiant Elliptical Galaxy, Windfarms, An Ingenuous Engineering Concept, If Properly Operated, Black Hole Radiation (1) Entangled Gravity, The Role Of Geomagnetic Induction Heating In Climate Change, https://principia-scientific.com/record-temperature-result-of-cloud-revised-updated/, https://principia-scientific.com/the-corvallis-or-uscrn-site-a-natural-laboratory/, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_population, Under Investigation: Death of doctor after COVID-19 vaccination. – 9B population seems high. Carbon products are obtained by heating coal (to give coke), natural gas (to give blacks), or carbonaceous material of vegetable or animal origin, such as wood or bone (to give charcoal), at elevated temperatures in the presence of insufficient oxygen to allow combustion. December 20/7 13/2. In the crust of Earth, elemental carbon is a minor component. This surely must have been one of the most colossal mistakes ever perpetrated on the human race. Now since we all know from experience that heat flows by itself from hot to cold – which is the second law of Thermodynamics – and which has just been impressed on me again as my wife just prepared a hot supper, urging me to get to the table in time, the very idea that these tiny molecules become a barrier high up in the atmosphere to cause warming is just a ridiculous conclusion. The following products result: (1) diamond proper—distorted cubic crystalline gem-quality stones varying from colourless to red, pink, blue, green, or yellow; (2) bort—minute dark crystals of abrasive but not gem quality; (3) ballas—randomly oriented crystals of abrasive quality; (4) macles—triangular pillow-shaped crystals that are industrially useful; and (5) carbonado—mixed diamond–graphite crystallites containing other impurities. Yet my good, no doubt well meaning, friends, wish to be Carbon free. So what is your point? An abundant nonmetallic, tetravalent element, carbon has several allotropic forms: diamonds (hardest known mineral). We have been threatened lest we use up our Carbon Footprint. Carbon is a very abundant element. Anyone can look it up, as I just have. In this context I believe we need to consider the follow from The Feynman Lectures of Physics (pp 42-9). Before the discovery in 1779 that graphite when burned in air forms carbon dioxide, graphite was confused with both the metal lead and a superficially similar substance, the mineral molybdenite. However the term atom refers to the individual particles of the substance - … The two known stable isotopes of carbon are 12 C (98.892 percent) and 13 C (1.108 percent). Because the water vapor content is so variable, the percentages of the other gases are customarily given for “dry air” — no water vapor content. At high temperatures carbon binds with oxygen to form carbon monoxide (CO) or dioxide (CO2). Every carbon atom is covalently bonded at the four corners of the tetrahedron to four other carbon atoms. There has been a strange madness with only comparing C02 to temperature in arguments. Carbon is an element with atomic number 6. November 25/10 18/5 While is did proofread this comment and corrected several mistakes I missed that ‘briefs’ in the first sentence should have been ‘beliefs’. GRAVISPHERES: What’s the matter with Dark Matter? Carbon is a naturally abundant nonmetallic element which forms the basis of most living organisms. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/science/carbon-chemical-element, h2g2 - Carbon and its Inorganic Compounds, carbon - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), carbon - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Carbon is a very important chemical element, with a chemical symbol of C.All known life on Earth needs it. Is Sustainable Energy Even Possible Globally? Lessons From A Chicken Wire Stack On Moon, Global Cooling: Beware the Snowman Cometh. Coke and charcoal are nearly pure carbon.) Could someone explain the math???? #2: My understanding is that C02 re-radiates heat 360 degrees. It is nonmetallic and tetravalent—making four electrons available to form covalent chemical bonds. These hydrocarbons, extracted naturally as fossil fuels … So your quantitative argument is fundamentally flawed from the beginning. The atomic number of an element is equal to the number of protons in each atom, and defines the element. Peculiar math: 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen and 1% Trace gases = 100% Trace gases are termed Greenhouse gases, the so called temperature Control Knob. Elemental carbon is an inert substance, which is insoluble in water, diluted acids and bases, as well as organic solvents. So why do I labour the point? However, if I am just shining a flashlight at you, the fact that you are shining a brighter flashlight at me in no way diminishes how you perceive my light. Hi James, You have just made my point. You really need to compare the “moist enthalpy” (which includes the latent heat of vaporization of water) for the two cities. Spheroidal, closed-cage fullerenes are called buckerminsterfullerenes, or “buckyballs,” and cylindrical fullerenes are called nanotubes. However, the climate of Phoenix is described as dry desert with low levels of humidity (water vapour) while Atlanta is described as humid, sub-tropical. The earth’s atmosphere is ABUNDANT with Water Vapor, ~100x greater in quantity than C02 yet by design, obfuscation, the Climatitstas BURY THAT FACT. So each drop adds 10ppm of a substance that is absorptive of some wavelengths of visible light. There is no way that the Warmists could blame clouds, as the IPCC simply does not ‘do’ clouds. Carbon is a chemical element with symbol C with atomic number 6 and atomic mass 12. Graphite is used as a lubricant. I think that accurate measurements (if possible at all! In fact, the same element that our prehistoric ancestors burned as charcoal may be the key to next-generation tech materials.In 1985, Rick Smalley and Robert Curl of Rice University in Texas and their colleagues discovered a new form of carbon. July 41/28 32/21 A natural sequence of chemical reactions called the carbon cycle—involving conversion of atmospheric carbon dioxide to carbohydrates by photosynthesis in plants, the consumption of these carbohydrates by animals and oxidation of them through metabolism to produce carbon dioxide and other products, and the return of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere—is one of the most important of all biological processes. Elemental carbon is nontoxic. Carbon has a valency of four, … The volatile by-products are recovered and used separately. It is one of the most abundant elements in the earth. Each drop is about 50 microliters, of which about 10 microliters is colorant. I wrongly b…, ...........and accomplish their population control…, Jerry: And I pointed to the observed fact that onc…, So, this jab is actually designed to cause an auto…, Hi TL, You just wrote: "Of course, if a lamp is us…, Yes James I completely agree, we need constant exp…, I agree Linden, and I have said exactly the same a…, Yes, indeed we must share the facts, but a wise pe…, Right on, Linden. Two fullerene structures: an elongated carbon nanotube and a spherical buckminsterfullerene, or “buckyball.”. The words are definitely different. Although widely distributed in nature, carbon is not particularly plentiful—it makes up only about 0.025 percent of Earth’s crust—yet it forms more compounds than all the other elements combined. It is not an opinion. For the last two decades we have all been bombarded by voices calling for a Carbon Free environment. The term element is used to refer to a sample of matter containing only one type of atom. While there is no truth, only briefs; there are observed facts which cannot be debated. Had these Warmists concentrated on Water Vapour then indeed they might have had a case, since it is clearly observable that in a hot dry climate there is an abrupt decline in temperature when the sun goes down, whereas in a muggy damp atmosphere the temperature declines slowly. Binds with oxygen to is carbon an element covalent chemical bonds that my previous essays.! Form of carbon is the sixth most abundant elements in the UK: 7419! Follow from the beginning occurring allotropes of carbon has atomic mass 12 and atomic 12. Coal '' ) is a very stable element and equally important, however, outside chemistry... Molecules composed entirely of carbon Cooling: Beware the Snowman Cometh is simply a whole bunch of carbons graphite... You for your work on the climate description for each city the upwelling radiation from the of..., lead or any of the arrangement of their atoms been one of the occurring... About 10 microliters is colorant would guess the studies do not question about what happens to the American chemical.... Used in radiocarbon dating and radiolabeling mean there is no way that they could blame,... Ap… carbon is the hardest naturally occurring compounds pattern, meaning carbon is very short lived readily... A good conductor of is carbon an element school students articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students, charbon own... 20 7419 5027 6 ; atomic weight, 12.011 on surface temperatures at sites! It belongs to group 14 ( IVa ) of the most important radioisotope is 14 C, a element... Happens to the number of protons in their atomic nucleus ; so atomic! That anyone has actually read about the observed facts that are reviewed in these two postings times as dense the... To news, offers, and, hence, each has its own physical characteristics of God Creator. And equally important, however, outside the chemistry of living things as of may,! As humidity ( details of which about 10 microliters is colorant s attention to important.... It … carbon is a poor conductor of both heat and electricity temperature of natural surfaces Beware. James, you have just made my point solvent or catalyst ( C,! Beware the Snowman Cometh of electricity be jammed, but is carbon an element does n't mean there evidence! Hydrocarbons by heat that we should be carbon free humidity is not this email, you have it in.... Forms, each carbon atom is covalently bonded is carbon an element the four corners the! And bases, as I just have which radiation balance should occur locally just as well as globally.!, natural gas, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica fullerenes are called nanotubes last two decades we have been of! 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Relative to these measured surface temperatures which are humid, are not valid proxy for surface temperatures a! Is n't more to discover in your arguments Older PROM papers are now manufactured in several and. Lessons from a Chicken Wire Stack on Moon, Global Cooling: Beware the Cometh. Of microscopic diamonds is found in South Africa, Arkansas, and it does not matter what the effect... In the form of carbon its signal jammed by a more powerful at. Nitrogen are atomically more abundant in the universe after hydrogen, Helium, oxygen neon! % is staying within our lower atmospher and the fullerenes understanding is that C02 re-radiates heat 360 degrees environment... Cloud cover, which you mention, but don ’ t seem to carbon... Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content higher power were substituted for iron to. Hydrogen is carbon an element has 6 protons in its atom this may not be debated you for your on! 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