Introducing the Smart Woman Collection by the inno, How we're dancing into September! These artistic peace-lovers embellished t-shirts, curtains, tapestries, pants, and anything else that would proclaim their individuality! In the case of Adire, it is said that for a long time, people who were not from certain families were not allowed to partake in tie-dye production as it was a part of the family’s heritage. According to the stories sited in the first chapters of theIfa divination oral literature, the Yoruba deity of wisdom and divination – Orunmila – is to credit for the patterned dyeing origin. Related Post: Adire Cloth in Nigeria: A Book Review An Unpublished PhD Thesis of the Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun States, Nigeria Byfeild, J. Adire Eleko & Senufo Cloth (Part ONE) Lines, Shapes, Patterns, & Rhythm Art Lesson Resources: Adire Wax Batik (A Faithful Attempt). Ogun state still hold the record of one of the most affordable states in Nigeria with potentials job opportunities Re: Adire Mall, Abeokuta, Ogun State Set For Commissioning (Photos) by AgbariOjukwu1 : 7:02pm On May 14 , 2019 This coupled with the fact that the Yoruba of Old Oyo kingdom exported their art across and beyond West Africa through trade, military activities and political dominance. Parents passed the techniques down to their female children and the wives of their sons. The Yoruba people were known for their trade and thus travels. Certificate Art for Junior and Senior Secondary School. It has remained the utmost symbol of the  sixties! By Norma H. Wolff. Fashion, beauty and entertainment news especially for you! Feb 11, 2020 - Explore Jana Potter's board "adire cloth", followed by 164 people on Pinterest. make adire national attire, abiodun appeals to @nigeriagov *Adire now school uniform in Ogun Ogun State Governor, Prince @dabiodunMFR , has called on the @NGRPresident to adopt Adire as an attire for national events and as a cultural symbol in the nation's foreign missions, to further promote the rich culture of the nation to the outside world. When British trading firms introduced cheap imported cloth and flooded the market with colorful inexpensive printed textiles, … The Yoruba label adire (meaning “tie and dye”) was first applied to indigo-dyed cloth decorated with resist patterns in the early twentieth century. In the western Yoruba city of Abeokuta founded in the 1830s, two forms of the indigo-dyed cloths known as adire developed with the advent of factory-woven cotton shirting. Abeokuta is said to be the capital of the Egba nation, and the Adire industry in Nigeria. Find things you’ll definitely love. 7 (2), Serial No. To meet the high demand for adire, stencilling has largely been replaced by a block printing technique to apply the hot wax. Adiré is a “resist-dyed” cloth produced and worn by the Yoruba people of southwestern Nigeria in West Africa. Alabere: Stitching raffia onto the fabric in a pattern prior to dyeing. You can use it to make note books, throw pillows, wall arts, lamp stands, backpacks etc. Although, cotton was introduced by the Missionaries in the 1850’s, Cotton weaving, pottery and tie and dye (Adire) are all traditional crafts of the Abeokuta people (Inside Watch Africa, 2012). According to history, clothes have not … Women remained specialists in the dyeing, tying, hand-painting, and hand-sewing done prior to dyeing, but the men became involved in decorating techniques using stitching machine and applying starch through zinc stencils. It’s believed that Orunmila was inspired by mat… Female specialists dyed yarns and cloth and also refurbished faded clothing by re-dyeing the cloth with tie-dyed patterns. Itoku, a community in Abeokuta, Ogun State, is popularly known for the making of Adire and Kampala, indigenous fabrics of Egba. © 2019 Bellafricana - All Rights Reserved | Developed by, So glad to announce that Bellafricana in Partnersh, The @miraomaluxury purse that fits right into ever, The Bubble sleeve blouse by @okettstudio is defini, Whoop!! Adire, is a Yoruba (a tribe in Southwestern Nigeria) word for tie and dye. I would say this supports the notion that Adire was first produced in Jojola’s compound of Kemta, Abeokuta by Chief Mrs. Miniya Jojolola Soetan, the second Iyalode (Head of Women) of Egba land. We're elated to announce @organiclifeplus. [2] African Research Review: An International Multidisciplinary Journal, Ethiopia Vol. Connect with global consumers⤵ Ibadan: University Press Ltd. We're certain it, Great News! [ 1] The Adire was first produced in Jojola’s compound of Kemta, Abeokuta by Chief Mrs. Miniya Jojolola Soetan, the second Iyalode (Head of Women) of Egba land. Adire is the name given to indigo dyed cloth produced by Yoruba women of south western Nigeria using a variety of resist dye techniques. This has given rise to various theories of accidental discovery. The prototype was tie-dyed kijipa, a handwoven cloth dyed with indigo for use as wrappers and covering cloths. Big Congratulations to #bellafricanamember @ologi. The Yoruba label adire, which means "tied and dyed," was first applied to indigo-dyed cloth decorated with resist patterns around the turn of the twentieth century. To enable commenting and other interactive features, please switch to the more advanced . As a distinctive textile type, adire first emerged in the city of Abeokuta, a center for cotton production, weaving, and indigo-dyeing in the nineteenth century. TIE – DYE (ADIRE) AMONG THE JUKUN PEOPLE by Gausa Solomon and Abubakar Ezra (kampala)History of trade and fashion is not complete in the South-Western part of Nigeria without mentioning the art of Adire. Among all these forms of art, Adire, which is common among the people of Egbaland in Ogun State, is probably the most reflective of its cultural origin. While putting this write up together, we discovered that the origin of Adire might be traced to the archaeological discovery in some Tellem burial caves of Mali. The raffia palm is stripped, and the spine sewn into the fabric. Today, the Adire textile is no longer limited to being used as clothing material alone. Only on Bellafricana. Bringing to your notice the amazing body oil from, Is it just me, or is 2020 on a ride with no brakes. So many skills of African heritage were transported from country to country or entirely out of the continent through traders. [4] This is a tie and dye process of making cloth using the Indigo plant extract and the now usage of caustic soda and dye to make what is called Kampala. Increase credibility & boost sales. In those days, textiles were also used as a form of identity with each tribe having their own unique patterns which also made it easy to spot outsiders. The ideology according to that movie’s story line was that before tie and dye textile came, clothes were only available in white colours. [3] The Guardian – A Short History of Adire The fabric can also be twisted and tied on itself or folded into stripes. By the 1960s a growing availability of chemical dyes from Europe caused a revolution in colour and techniques. Women specialised in the art, and would work with new cloth as well as refurbish existing pieces with tie-dyed patterns. Laide Raheem, Abeokuta. We’re on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Linkedin, Pinterest etc. He also said that his administration would introduce adire as part of the school uniform in the state from 2021. In fact, they are not a single group, but rather a collection of diverse people bound together by a common language, history, and culture. This was when people craved peace and freedom from the starched idea of parents and authority. While launching the Adire Ogun Digital Market Place, on Thursday in Abeokuta, the governor said the platform would be a melting pot for over 2000 participants and would open up a value chain for adire business. In one, raffia fiber was used to stitch or tie a pattern across the whole length and breadth of the cloth, while the other was made by pasting starch in a repeat pattern through cut-metal stencils. Over the years, we have seen the evolution of Fashion in Africa. Adire textile is a resist-dyed cloth produced and worn primarily by the Yoruba people of southwestern Nigeria. The best news, stories, features and photos from the day in one perfectly formed email. Related: Adire Cloth in Nigeria : A Book Review on Adire Textile, In clothing, there are endless possibilities in what you can do. You will see below, the way Bellafricana creatively uses Adire on the books we produce on commission as souvenirs for clients’ weddings, birthdays, company events and so much more. In Yoruba, the word Adire translates as (adi) “to tie” and (re) “to dye.” Related Post: The History Of Aso-Oke Textile. Also, some impressions may be sown into the fabric with thread and the stitches drawn up tightly before dyeing For a long time, people who were not from a certain family were not allowed to partake in adire production as it was a part of the family’s heritage. Adire is not just another form of clothing, Adire is a part of the Yoruba culture and tradition. At first, Adire was made from a hand-woven cloth called Kijipa that was tie-dyed indigo (Elu). As the translation of the name suggests, the earliest pieces of Adire were probably simple tied designs on cotton cloth handspun and woven locally. It is now being used creatively in different ways. ADIRE TEXTILE: A CULTURAL HERITAGE AND ENTREPRENEURIAL CRAFT IN EGBALAND, NIGERIA. Get yours now. International Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship Research, 11-18. As a distinctive textile type, Adire first emerged in the city of Abeokuta, Nigeria, a center for cotton production and weaving, in the nineteenth century. At Bellafricana our aim is to help you connect with creative, unique & quality Indigenous businesses. We believe in empowering, supporting and promoting local talents which contributes to job creations in the Nigerian (African) economy. The simplest design for tie and dye is made by pulling up portions of the cloth at an interval, and either knotting or binding round them before dyeing. 29, April, 2013:350-370 by Areo, Margaret Olugbemisola and Kalilu, Razaq Olatunde Rom In some situations, seeds or pebbles are sometimes tied into the cloth to create patterns. I remember seeing a movie called “Odùduwà“, where the first wife of Oduduwa thought women how to tie and dye clothes. The 1930s brought with it innovations that allowed men to partake in adire making, which was primarily a female craft. This craft can now be taught in institutions. In Egba land, the craft was formerly known to be a family business. Then, tie-dye was a form of artistic expression (as well as protest) for the hippie, psychedelic generation who were free spirited and uninhibited during this difficult time in American history. Adire textile is a resist-dyed cloth produced and worn primarily by the Yoruba people of southwestern Nigeria. This is true for most our books really. Whether created by old processes or new innovations, adire today continues to face fashion challenges, and is still an alternative to machine prints. This is one of the ways some part of the African cultural heritage travelled from one continent to the other. Adire textile production is assumed to be inborn; inherited by birth and the heritage passed on to descendants of families who were also involved in the production process. Have you checked out our social media? [6] Tie-die US – Tie-dye Through the Ages – A History of Tie-dye, Pingback: The Bold of Art: Chief Nike Okundaye Davies - Bellafricana Digest | Artisans | Creatives | Talents, Pingback: Art, Exhibition and Fashion: Highlights of GTBank Fashion Weekend - Bellafricana Digest | Artisans | Creatives | Talents, Pingback: Adire work wear by Delavi Couture is certainly a must have. Adire in itself is an indigo dyed textile originally made by the Yoruba women using various resist dye methods. This textile is rich in beauty and culture as much as it has a rich history. References Adire Blinds by Catyna Designs There was an increase in tie-dye makers and artistic endeavours in the 20th century when more fabrics imported from European merchants became available for dyeing. (1993). In this post, you will learn about the history of the Àdìre textile and follow its’ progression through time. Within its intricate designs, adire carries the richness of the Yoruba culture. Through the course of history, Yoruba women artisans have used various methods to … In the making process, the Indigo plant extract is useful as a caustic soda, that is indirectly called Kampala. [5] Mgbakoigba: Journal of African Studies, Volume 4, 2015. With the introduction of a broader color palette of imported synthetic dyes in the second half … Get yours now, Supporting Creative African-Owned Businesses Originally locally-woven white cloth (teru) was tied to produce simple patterns and dyed blue with elu (indigo) from locally grown elu leaves. Related Post: African Black Soap: The History, Components and Benefits @amalbotanicals is having a flash sale, This error message is only visible to WordPress admins, African Black Soap: The History, Components and Benefits, Adire Cloth in Nigeria : A Book Review on Adire Textile, Vol. Today, new multi-coloured adire uses simple technology and hot wax or paraffin are used as resist agents in place of the indigenous cassava paste. History And Development Of Adire Scholarly opinions hold that the origin of Adire is unknown. In an academic research published in the Journal of African Studies, the researchers; Gausa Solomon and Abubakar Ezra, stated that Adire patterns are made by pleating of the cloth. And, in all it’s forms, tie-dye is not only an art of fabric, but a piece of our world history. History has it that the tie-dye technique became recognised as a form of art in several countries across the globe. The Yoruba live in West Africa, mainly in Nigeria, Benin, Togo, and part of Ghana. New designers are using traditional fabrics like adire in a modern context so here's the history behind the popular Nigerian fabric. 7 (2), Serial No. By the second half of the twentieth century, broader colour palette of imported synthetic dyes was introduced. Although the missionaries introduced the people to cotton in the 1850’s, cotton weaving, pottery and Adire are all traditional crafts of the Abeokuta people. Objectives: Students will review the five kinds of lines (horizontal, vertical, diagonal, diagonal, & zig zag) & two kinds of shapes (organic & geometric). This, of course, attracted the Nigerian fashion designers who now adapt the designs to print high-quality cloth and have transformed the art of adire into an entrepreneurial craft. Adire Backpack by The Potters Signature [2] Adire Note Books by Bellafricana You might wonder, why bother tying the cotton fabric before dyeing it? The simple answer to that is, the tying method prevents the absorption of dye to the particular area of the fabric that is tied. Click play below to watch the video documentary of Adire textile amongst Yorubas by Thorolf Lipp. Temi's Adire products are now listed on Jumia!You can find our products … Adire - The History Part 2. She then passed on the process to her children and onward to the future generations. Oniko: This process involves tying raffia around hundreds of individual corn kernels or pebbles to produce small white circles on a blue background. History of trade and fashion is not complete in the South-Western part of Nigeria without mentioning the art of Adire. A publication on Tie-Dye US has it that, tie and dye became all the rage during the Vietnam War period. Saheed, Z. S. (2013). The first Adire material was made with Teru (local white attire) and Elu (local Dye) made from elu leaf which is planted in the Saki area of Oyo state. A story of pride, tradition and more importantly deeply rooted history. Let's show you why you should try Pap from @ologi. It was first made by Yoruba women of old by using a variety of resist-dyeing techniques. The textile comes out so beautifully and perfectly that you might be tempted to keep them all for yourself instead of handing them out to your guests eventually. Temi's Adire now on Jumia! Adire (AH-dih-ray) is a Yoruba term describing resist-dyeing fabric, traditionally with indigo. Florence Lucie Ihemadu, the founder of Flin Adire recently applied to join, a website started in 2020 as a marketplace focusing on the promotion of one of Nigeria’s most famous indigenous textiles – adire. The Nigeria Adire is an indigo dyed textile that Yoruba women make using a multitude of different resist dye technologies. [3] A fashion that came as a result of scarcity. Adire textile is the indigo-dyed cloth made in southwestern Nigeria by Yoruba women, using a variety of resist-dyeing techniques. “ Women, Economy and the State: A study of the Adire Industry in Abeokuta (Western Nigeria). From the Damask to dry lace, from Adire- Eleso to Kente, each material being worn in a specific way tells a story. Among the archeological findings, is a cap bearing the extant and popular Osubamba motif common in the Adire art of the Yoruba people. Since the early twentieth century, metal stencils cut from the sheets of tin that lined tea chests have also been used. 2. It was first made by Yoruba women of old by using a variety of resist-dyeing techniques. Nigerian culture is multi-ethnic and gives a lot of value to different types of arts; which primarily include ivory carving, grass weaving, wood carving, leather and calabash, pottery, painting, glass and metal works, and cloth weaving (textile).